According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), about 2 million or 13 % of the 15 million trucks registered all across the U.S. are semi-trailers, also called big rigs or 18-wheelers. Of these 2 million semi-trailers, about half a million get involved in fatal accidents, taking as many as 5,000 lives every year.

Due to their size and length, semi-trailers are harder to maneuver compared to any other type of vehicle and, besides requiring a wider and longer maneuvering space and a longer distance to get to a full stop, these also have “no-zone” areas or blind spots where smaller vehicles disappear from the view of truck drivers. These are just a handful of reasons why operation of semi-trailers requires special skills and training. Thus, before a person is issued a commercial driver’s license (CDL), he or she will first need to complete all requirements and pass all tests which will show that he or she is able to safely operate a truck and can actually handle one.

Though the size and length of trucks would make accidents more catastrophic, these are not the real reasons why accidents occur. According to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), majority of truck accidents are due to errors committed by drivers of semi-trailers. The most common errors committed by truck driver which have been identified by the FMCSA include: driver fatigue; impaired driving due to use of alcohol, prescription or over-the-counter-drugs, or illegal drugs; overspeeding; driving too fast for road conditions; lack of experience and/or training in operating a semi-trailer; unfamiliarity with the road; distracted driving; lack of focus on the road; failure to check “no-zone” areas or blind spots; improper attachment of trailer; improper loading of cargo; and, failure to make sure that truck brakes are in good working condition.

In its website, The Mokaram Law Firm mentions how severe truck accidents can be; however, rather than these being avoided, these continue to happen because many truck drivers or trucking companies fail to regard the safety of other drivers on the road or disregard laws put in place to regulate trucking activities. Due to this, and due to the severity of his or her injuries, a victim should never allow the liable party’s negligence or recklessness to go unnoticed and unpunished.


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In certain conditions, driving can easily become quite a dangerous activity. Among the many factors that can increase the risks involved in our most routine activity comes during the winter time. Snow and ice can make roads and highways dangerously slippery and difficult to maneuver. According to a study by Daniel Eisenberg and Kenneth E. Warner published in the American Journal of Public Health, snow-related crashes happen at a substantial rate. As such, it’s extremely important for motorists to be made aware of the hazards and what they can do to avoid potentially deadly scenarios.

According to Greenfield car accident lawyers, some of the most common winter driving hazards include built up snow, ice patches, black ice, and winter storms. The first refers to piles of snow that build up on the road. These piles might appear shallow, but could actually be several inches deep and cause a vehicle to get stuck. Ice patches on the road are also worth of attention, as they cause the surface to become incredibly slippery. Meanwhile, black ice refers to the type of ice patches that can’t be easily seen from the driver’s view. These patches are deceptively clear, leading the driver to believe that the roadway is safe. As for winter storms, it’s best for drivers to stay away from roads and wait until road conditions become better.

To ensure these hazards are kept at bay while driving during wintertime, it’s important to take note of some helpful reminders. Perhaps the most crucial of all these tips is to make sure your car is properly equipped for the weather. Having an ample supply of antifreeze and windshield washer fluid available for even a quick drive can become handy in a pinch. Checking to see that the car’s head and tail lights are properly working is also part of this tip. As for actually driving one’s vehicle, it’s extremely necessary to be mindful of one’s speed while out on the snowy and slippery roads. Driving slowly and avoiding unnecessary acceleration and swerving can do a lot to ensure one’s safety given such road conditions.

Finally, having a reliable car insurance policy can also do a lot to mitigate the costs and dangers brought about by driving during the wintertime. Consult with a reputable insurance company to learn more about options for compensations for damages incurred during a winter driving accident.


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Personal injury protection (PIP) coverage is usually implemented in the states that follow the no-fault insurance policy. If you have personal injury protection coverage, your insurance provider would be the one who will provide the compensation after an accident regardless of who caused the accident and resulting damages. These would help cover for the medical bills, lost earnings, and other expenses that happened because of the accident. The payment will cover for some or all of the lost earnings, all depending on the limits that the state you are in requires.

As explained on the website of Williams Kherkher, PIP claims need to be done in cooperation with your insurer. Providing a recorded statement is essential in PIP claims, along with the requirement to have a physician selected by the PIP insurer to conduct a medical examination may be required by the state in order to determine the extent of the injuries and how much compensation is necessary. Failing to cooperate with the PIP insurer may cause you to be unqualified for any PIP benefits.

PIP claims are those that are filed to your own insurance company for payment of the medical bills and lost salaries. It will be the insurer’s responsibility to pay for the medical expenses as well as compensate for the salaries that you weren’t able to get because of the accident. When your medical bill is over the states’s no-fault limit, you will be the one responsible for paying for them. Additionally, states that follow the no-fault law when it comes to car accidents often does not permit victims to file for a personal injury claim against the offending driver, except in cases where the expenses have reached a certain amount of when the injury is deemed as adequately serious. The only legal right you have as a victim of the car accident is compensation for medical expenses and lost wages. And non-tangible damages such as pain and suffering is not provided.


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Personal injury claims against government entities are in general not allowed such as in car accidents caused by highway defects. According to the website of Spiros Law, P.C. in Danville, highway defects are particular dangerous because of the speed at which vehicles travel. This is true even if the responsible individual would have been liable if they have not been acting on behalf of the government. This is what is known as sovereign immunity, which applies to both federal and state government entities, agencies and employees whose actions or inaction were within the scope of their work.

For example, a police car may cause physical injury or property damage or both to innocent parties during a high-speed car chase. The injured parties would not be able to sue the police because the damage was caused while they were acting in their capacity as law enforcers. The best that the injured parties can do is to make a claim with their own insurance companies.

This sovereign immunity was put in place primarily to protect the general public from footing the bill for any liability claims. When a private individual successfully makes a claim against the government, the compensation will come from the state or federal coffers, which is actually money of the taxpayers.

However, there are always exceptions to the rule. It is possible for an injured party to file a lawsuit against the government if a waiver of the sovereign immunity is executed. In essence, the government may choose to allow a liability claim to be filed under specific circumstances. The federal government can do this under the Federal Tort Claims Act, and most states have similar legislation, but the liability is quite limited and requires the plaintiff to go through a strict set of procedures to establish evidence which will then determine the extent of the government’s liability, if any.

There are myriad complex issues that come up when the government is involved in a personal injury lawsuit. It would require the expertise and knowledge of a lawyer experienced in handling such cases to set it up, let alone bring it to a successful conclusion.


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