Denying an elderly patient of their nutritional needs is one form of physical abuse in a nursing home. Ensuring proper nourishment of their residents is one of the major responsibilities of the nursing home administrators. Giving proper care of each and every resident is stipulated in the Nursing Home Reform Act. Under the law, a resident must be able to maintain an acceptable parameter of nutritional status such as body weight and protein level.

Karlin, Fleisher & Falkenberg will tell you that the amount of food that the residents are taking should be actively monitored by the nursing home staff. The law also calls for nursing homes to assess each resident as a means of preventing malnutrition. Known as the Resident Assessment Instrument (RAI), nursing homes are required to comply and perform the said assessment based on a federally mandated schedule.

The risk assessment consists of two separate tests namely MDS and RAPs. MDS stands for Minimum Data Set and is designed for measuring problems related to oral health and nutrition as well as hydration levels. When risk factors arise during the MDS, the nursing personnel must now perform the Resident Assessment Protocols. The MDS should also be done every quarter.

In Resident Assessment Protocols, physical, psychological, and social issues, the effects of medicines, anxiety or depression, and communication issues are assessed. RAPs are more intensive when it comes to determining specific causes of any nutritional or hydration deficiencies.

After the assessment, the nursing staff can now create an effective care plan for preventing malnutrition. The program must allow the nursing home staff to customize their plan according to the health and wellness needs of each resident. In addition, there should be a pre-set schedule to help the staff receive assessment. Finally, the plan should also include a quick response scheme so they can immediately avert malnutrition or prevent it altogether.


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Though courts usually prefer awarding custody or conservatorship to both parents to ensure that a child is able to experience love, care and attention from both parents, the court will refrain from doing so if it finds out that one parent is actually unfit to care for his/her child or, if in the child’s best interest, sole conservatorship or sole custody will be a better choice.

Being judged as an “unfit” parent can be due to a variety of different reasons, including: a health condition that would render such parent incapable of providing the amount of care and attention the child needs; abusive parental behavior (physical and/or verbal abuse); alcohol and/or drug dependence; exposure of child to pornographic elements and/or illegal activities; abandonment of the child; and, use of excessive, unnecessary discipline.

In sole custody or sole managing conservatorship, only one parent is awarded all the rights, powers, privileges, and duties associated with caring for his/her child. For the other parent to have time with the child, he/she is given visitation rights. If one parent is truly unfit, though, then it would the legal duty of the other to inform the court about this matter so as not to compromise his/her child’s well-being. By being unfit, the court may also deny the unfit parent visitation rights or make sure that times of visit are overseen by a professional appointed by the court.

Under Texas statutes, once a parent has been appointed as a conservator, he/she has, at all times, the right:

  • To receive information (from any other conservator of the child) concerning the child’s health, education, and welfare;
  • To confer with the other parent before making a decision concerning the child’s health, education, and welfare;
  • Of access to the child’s medical, dental, psychological, and educational records;
  • To consult with the child’s physician, dentist, or psychologist;
  • To consult with school officials concerning the child’s welfare and educational status, including school activities;
  • To attend the child’s school activities;
  • To be designated on the child’s records as a person to be notified in case of an emergency;
  • To consent to medical, dental, and surgical treatment during an emergency involving an immediate danger to the health and safety of the child; and
  • To manage the estate of the child.

Obviously, a parent will never want to lose his/her influence over his/her child and would do almost anything to spend time with the child. Though a parent may not be awarded custody, he/she should be awarded visitation rights. A highly-competent child custody lawyer may be able to help him/her achieve this, and may even be able to help him/her arrive at an amicable settlement with his/her former spouse for visitation rights that would be longer than if the court were the one to decide over this issue.


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According to the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration (NHTSA), about 2 million or 13 % of the 15 million trucks registered all across the U.S. are semi-trailers, also called big rigs or 18-wheelers. Of these 2 million semi-trailers, about half a million get involved in fatal accidents, taking as many as 5,000 lives every year.

Due to their size and length, semi-trailers are harder to maneuver compared to any other type of vehicle and, besides requiring a wider and longer maneuvering space and a longer distance to get to a full stop, these also have “no-zone” areas or blind spots where smaller vehicles disappear from the view of truck drivers. These are just a handful of reasons why operation of semi-trailers requires special skills and training. Thus, before a person is issued a commercial driver’s license (CDL), he or she will first need to complete all requirements and pass all tests which will show that he or she is able to safely operate a truck and can actually handle one.

Though the size and length of trucks would make accidents more catastrophic, these are not the real reasons why accidents occur. According to the Federal Motor Carrier Safety Administration (FMCSA), majority of truck accidents are due to errors committed by drivers of semi-trailers. The most common errors committed by truck driver which have been identified by the FMCSA include: driver fatigue; impaired driving due to use of alcohol, prescription or over-the-counter-drugs, or illegal drugs; overspeeding; driving too fast for road conditions; lack of experience and/or training in operating a semi-trailer; unfamiliarity with the road; distracted driving; lack of focus on the road; failure to check “no-zone” areas or blind spots; improper attachment of trailer; improper loading of cargo; and, failure to make sure that truck brakes are in good working condition.

In its website, The Mokaram Law Firm mentions how severe truck accidents can be; however, rather than these being avoided, these continue to happen because many truck drivers or trucking companies fail to regard the safety of other drivers on the road or disregard laws put in place to regulate trucking activities. Due to this, and due to the severity of his or her injuries, a victim should never allow the liable party’s negligence or recklessness to go unnoticed and unpunished.


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The standard mindset on most folks towards registered medical professionals is that of confidence. Because people basically place their lives within the arms of the professionals, they have to think their certified status means they’re skilled and in a position to provide the treatment anticipated of these in their volume as professionals to the vital support. Unfortunately, this is simply not usually warranted.

There are always a lot of examples of medical negligence that involves mind, and entails everyone from the extremely fresh for the very old. Birth incidents while in the U.S. as an example happen to 1.6 infants for every single 1,000 live births based on 2006 mathematical knowledge, which will be really a noticeable difference over 2000, when about 7 kids were injured before, during or after distribution for every single 1,000 live births. Among the several ailments that’ll result from a birth, one injury is cerebral palsy, a neurological impairment influencing the engine progress and skills of the troubled. Because it was a condition while just 10% of children identified as having cerebral palsy are thought because of medical malpractice, it’s, however, a horrible finding for parents. At the same period, 10% is a substantial level of children who are harmed by their doctors during their birthing process.

Furthermore really popular as medical negligence are precise problems. A patient going into an office for a routine technique can come with serious difficulties as a result of medicine errors, lost medical instruments inside you, actually surgery, wrong-site surgery, or surgery on a mistaken individual! Whilst it might appear too peculiar to become true, it’s happened, which is why health professionals have thorough medical insurance.

Medical malpractice’s consequences often involve suffering and considerable discomfort, and undoubtedly expenses for added surgeries, expanded hospitalization, vital changes in lifestyle, or lack of workdays or work. Any suitable or patient relative of the individual that has suffered considerable harm or death due to medical malpractice might convey a civil action from the responsible health professional and perhaps the employing association to acquire settlement.


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In certain conditions, driving can easily become quite a dangerous activity. Among the many factors that can increase the risks involved in our most routine activity comes during the winter time. Snow and ice can make roads and highways dangerously slippery and difficult to maneuver. According to a study by Daniel Eisenberg and Kenneth E. Warner published in the American Journal of Public Health, snow-related crashes happen at a substantial rate. As such, it’s extremely important for motorists to be made aware of the hazards and what they can do to avoid potentially deadly scenarios.

According to Greenfield car accident lawyers, some of the most common winter driving hazards include built up snow, ice patches, black ice, and winter storms. The first refers to piles of snow that build up on the road. These piles might appear shallow, but could actually be several inches deep and cause a vehicle to get stuck. Ice patches on the road are also worth of attention, as they cause the surface to become incredibly slippery. Meanwhile, black ice refers to the type of ice patches that can’t be easily seen from the driver’s view. These patches are deceptively clear, leading the driver to believe that the roadway is safe. As for winter storms, it’s best for drivers to stay away from roads and wait until road conditions become better.

To ensure these hazards are kept at bay while driving during wintertime, it’s important to take note of some helpful reminders. Perhaps the most crucial of all these tips is to make sure your car is properly equipped for the weather. Having an ample supply of antifreeze and windshield washer fluid available for even a quick drive can become handy in a pinch. Checking to see that the car’s head and tail lights are properly working is also part of this tip. As for actually driving one’s vehicle, it’s extremely necessary to be mindful of one’s speed while out on the snowy and slippery roads. Driving slowly and avoiding unnecessary acceleration and swerving can do a lot to ensure one’s safety given such road conditions.

Finally, having a reliable car insurance policy can also do a lot to mitigate the costs and dangers brought about by driving during the wintertime. Consult with a reputable insurance company to learn more about options for compensations for damages incurred during a winter driving accident.


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